Quality Controls

1. Introduction

The Quality Controls (QC) applied to the manufacture of the Three Treasures, Women’s Treasure and Little Treasures remain a top priority.

The Three Treasures and Women’s Treasure tablets are made from the concentrated powders of the herbs. The concentrated powders themselves are made by decocting the raw herbs at source thereby greatly enhancing the synergy of the herbs ending with a fine powder that is more concentrated than the raw herbs, i.e. 1 gram of concentrated powder equals at least 5 grams of raw herbs. This process makes the tablets much more readily digestible and assimilable by the small intestine.

The Three Treasures, Woman’s Treasure and Little Treasures are made in GMP approved facilities. The strictest herb selection and identification protocols available are applied.

From extraction and condensation to vacuum drying and flow coating, each step is performed with state-of-the-art equipment and monitored by well-trained staff.

Throughout the process, the herb extracts are submitted to tests to ensure that they meet GMP standards. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is used to ensure consistent levels of active ingredients. All products are analyzed for the presence of heavy metals and harmful bacteria such as salmonella and E coli.

In addition, volatile oils are collected during the extraction process. The oils are reintroduced downstream.

2. What Quality Controls (QC) are the Remedies Subject to After Processing?

Each batch of every product is subject to careful analysis to ensure a consistent and stable amount of active ingredients. QC is reflected in a final certificate, listing all relevant information and test results, which include the following:

  • Botanical name.
  • Organoleptic properties.
  • Standard test concerning solubility, stability, etc.
  • Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) to (re)confirm identity – by using a chemical “fingerprint” unique to each species.
  • High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) measures potency by substantiating the presence of active ingredients.
  • Standard tests for bacteria (e.g. salmonella, col-bacteria, total bacteria count), moulds and yeasts.
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis of heavy metal values. This state-of-the-art geophysical technology assures the absolute safety of the remedies, with reference to the limit values of the Japanese and the European pharmacopoeias. This system is sensitive to sub-parts per billion, compared to other systems which detect elements only in sub-parts per million.
  • Gas Chromatography (GC) further ensures safety by testing for over 200 potentially harmful substances such as pesticides, herbicides and fungicides.
  • Herbs susceptible to contamination by aflatoxins are tested separately.

3. Manufacturers

In America, we have two manufacturers:

  1. Far East Summit make the Little Treasure liquids. Click here to review quality control process.
  2. Quali Herb manufacture the Three Treasures and Woman’s Treasure tablets. Click here to review quality control process.

Outside of the US, we have one manufacturer:

  1. Sun Ten based in Taiwan make the Three Treasures and Woman’s Treasure tablets. Click here to review quality control process.

4. Concentration Strength of Tablets

The concentration ratio of the tablets is 1:7.5, i.e. 1g of tablet is equivalent to 7.5g of dried herb.

The excipients represent only 4% of the weight of each tablet. Whenever possible, the starch used as excipient is that from the herbs making up the formula themselves. In addition, only magnesium stearate is used as excipients in a proportion varying from 1% to 4%. Again, this means that the tablets are better digested and assimilated.

Therefore, a 60-tablet pot is equivalent to a total of 216,000 “active” mg.

5. Dosage of Three Treasures, Women’s Treasure and Little Treasures

Please consult your health practitioner and follow guidelines on the label.

The Three Treasures, Women’s Treasure and Little Treasures ranges do not contain any toxic herbs or animal products.

Practitioners should take the following factors into account in every case:

The Full or Empty Character of the Condition
In Empty patterns the dosage can be lower than in Full patterns. Thus, for all the formulae in the Clearing category and the Nourishing and Clearing category, the dosage can be higher than for those in the Nourishing category.

Chronic vs Acute Conditions
In acute cases, the dosage should be higher. For example, if we are using Expel Wind-Heat for a severe invasion of Wind-Heat with fever, swollen tonsils, pronounced aches, etc., then the patient can take 9 or even more tablets in 24 hours. In contrast, there is no point in treating a chronic condition with a high dose, because it can change only slowly.

Age of the Patient
Old people and children need lower doses. A newborn baby should not be treated at all and it is preferable not to treat any baby under 12 months of age unless absolutely imperative. Infants and children up to 6 years old should have a third of a dose; children between 6 and 14 half a dose; after that, a full dose.

A simple formula to calculate the dosage for children is as follows:
Age / Age + 12 x dose

For example, if an adult dose is 6 grams per day, the dosage for a 6-year-old would be:
6 / 6 + 12 x 6 grams = 1.99 grams

The dosage should also be reduced in the elderly: approximately half a dose after 70 and a third of a dose after 80.

Condition and Body-build of the Patient
The weaker the patient, the lower the dose. Thus, a frail old lady should have a lower dose than a large, corpulent man.

The Condition Itself
The dosage should be adjusted also according to the severity of symptoms. For example, the dosage of Chemo- and Radio-Support should be varied according to the severity of the adverse reactions to chemo- or radio-therapy. For example, an average dose for these remedies might be about 4-6 tablets a day, but if the adverse reactions to the therapy are severe this dosage can be increased.

The Digestive System
The weaker the patient’s digestive system, the lower the dose. This is a very important consideration: Western patients have weaker digestive systems than Chinese people and are easily upset by herbal tablets (more than by decoctions). If a patient experiences a digestive upset, make sure that he or she is taking the tablets after food and with hot water.

It is prudent not to prescribe any formulae during the first three months of pregnancy. From the fourth month onwards, formulae can be prescribed, unless, of course, they are specifically forbidden in pregnancy. This is indicated under “Caution and contraindications” within the explanation for each formula.